عنوان مقاله [English]
Background and Aims: A review of previous studies shows that there are conflicting findings regarding the relationship between athlete-related factors and knee function following ACL reconstruction. Therefore, the present study aimed to investigate the relationship between athlete-related factors and knee functional outcomes after ACL reconstruction.
Materials and Methods: The present study is a correlational study that was conducted in the second half of 1400 in Sanandaj. The statistical sample of the study consisted of 43 athletes aged 19-43 years who underwent ACL reconstruction. Knee function was assessed by the Osteoarthritis and Knee Injury Outcome Questionnaire (KOOS). Athletes' characteristics such as weight, height, body mass index, and their activity levels (recreational, competitive, and elite) were recorded by a researcher-made questionnaire. The smoking habit, type of used graft, and affected foot were also identified.
Results: The results showed that age, body mass index, weight, and gender can predict the various ACL reconstruction outcomes (P <0.05). Age can predict 29% of changes in symptoms and knee stiffness, and 18% of changes in quality of life. Body mass index can predict 29% of changes in knee pain, 19% of changes in symptoms and knee stiffness, 17% of changes in activities of daily life, 19% of changes in sports activity, and also 13% of changes in athletes' quality of life (p <0.05). Weight can only predict 12% of changes in athletes' sports activity (P <0.05). Gender was able to predict 15% of changes in daily life performance, 13% of sports activity, and 12% of changes in athletes' quality of life (p <0.05).
Conclusion: According to the findings of the present study, it is possible that there is a relationship between age, weight, body mass index, and sex with the knee outcomes following ACL reconstruction. Due to the limitations of the present study, it is better to examine this issue longitudinally in future studies.