عنوان مقاله [English]
Anterior cruciate ligament injury is one of the injuries that can cause an athlete to permanently withdraw from the world of professional sports. Nearly half of athletes cannot return to a competitive level before their injury, even after very good rehabilitation. For this reason, there is another factor besides physical factors in not returning to exercise, which in most studies is attributed to psychological factors. Fear of re-injury and fear of movement are well-known psychological factors. Increased fear of re-injury and fear of movement (kinesiophobia) is a factor that prevents the athlete from returning to exercise after the reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament. Many studies have examined the psychological factors after reconstruction and injury of the anterior cruciate ligament. But a study that examined the effect of kinesiophobia on returning to exercise was not found by the researcher. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of kinesiophobia on the rate of return to exercise after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. The study looked at published studies from 2000 to 2020 that examined the effect of kinesiophobia on exercise return after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. In this study, search for articles related to considering specialized English and Persian keywords, including; kinesiophobia، psychological factors of exercise، return to sport، fear of movement،fear of re-injury، anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction were performed in dedicated Persian and English databases, Google Scholar, TRIP, PEDro, PubMed, Irandoc, SID, Magiran. After the search, first 162 articles and after reviewing the abstract, 57 articles were thoroughly reviewed. After searches based on inclusion and exclusion criteria, 26 articles were finally selected for inclusion in the study. According to research findings, fear of movement and fear of re-injury in athletes after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction can delay return to exercise. This can reduce the quality of life, reduce participation in sports and participation in recreational games, depression and stress. Different methods of rehabilitation are also one of the factors that have a high impact on achieving different results after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction, and since physical and psychological recovery do not progress in parallel, creating a new approach to sports rehabilitation after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction it seems necessary.