عنوان مقاله [English]
Background and Aim: Neck musculoskeletal disorders are common among dentists. The aim of the current study was to investigate the effect of proprioceptive exercises on pain and disability index in female dentists with nonspecific chronic neck pain.
Materials and Methods: The questionnaire was distributed among 24 female dentists matched by age, gender, and neck pain complaints in the past three months. Particpants were randomly divided into two groups: the first group received proprioceptive exercises and the second group were not give any intervention. The pain and disability assessment were administered in the baseline and after six weeks of exercises. The Kolmogorov Smirnoff and Wilcoxon were used for statistical data analysis (α≥0.05).
Results: The results of the present study revealed significant decrease in neck pain (P=0.006) and disability index (P=0.008) after six weeks of proprioceptive exercise.
Conclusion: According to the results, the proprioceptive exercise intervention was successful in decreasing pain and disability in female dentists with chronic neck pain. Considering the extreme effect of the proprioceptive exercise group, we recommend that this program be used in the correction of individuals with chronic neck pain and muscles imbalance.
10. Choobineh A, Tosian R, Alhamdi Z, Davarzanie M. Ergonomic intervention in carpet mending operation. Applied ergonomics. 2004;35(5):493-6. ##
11. asgari ashtiani ar, ebrahimi i, mohammadi m. The effect of stabilization and maximum isometric exercises on cross sectional area of deep flexor muscles in chronic non-specific neck pain. Physical Treatments. 2014;3(4):52-8. ##
12. Guez M, Hildingsson C, Stegmayr B, Toolanen G. Chronic neck pain of traumatic and non-traumatic origin: a population-based study. Acta orthopaedica Scandinavica. 2003;74(5):576-9. ##
13. Jull G, Trott P, Potter H, Zito G, Niere K, Shirley D, et al. A randomized controlled trial of exercise and manipulative therapy for cervicogenic headache. Spine. 2002;27(17):1835-43. ##
14. Falla D, Jull G, Russell T, Vicenzino B, Hodges P. Effect of neck exercise on sitting posture in patients with chronic neck pain. Physical therapy. 2007;87(4):408. ##
15. Akbari A, Ghiasi F, Barahoie M, Arab-Kangan M. The comparison of effectiveness of muscles specific stabilization training and dynamic exercises on the chronic neck pain and disability. Journal of Gorgan University of Medical Sciences. 2010;11(4):29-112. ##
16. Kallenberg LA, Hermens HJ, Vollenbroek-Hutten MM. Distinction between computer workers with and without work-related neck–shoulder complaints based on multiple surface EMG parameters. International journal of industrial ergonomics. 2006;36(10):921-9. ##
17. Iqbal ZA, Rajan R, Khan SA, Alghadir AH. Effect of deep cervical flexor muscles training using pressure biofeedback on pain and disability of school teachers with neck pain. Journal of physical therapy science. 2013;25(6):657-61. ##
18. Janda V. Muscles and motor control in cervicogenic disorders: assessment and management. Physical therapy of the cervical and thoracic spine New York: Churchill Livingstone. 1994:195-216. ##
19. Panjabi MM. The stabilizing system of the spine. Part I. Function, dysfunction, adaptation, and enhancement. Clinical Spine Surgery. 1992;5(4):383-9. ##
20. Cote P, Cassidy JD, Carroll L. The Saskatchewan Health and Back Pain Survey. The prevalence of neck pain and related disability in Saskatchewan adults. Spine. 1998;23(15):1689-98. ##
21. Ask T, Strand LI, Skouen JS. The effect of two exercise regimes; motor control versus endurance/strength training for patients with whiplash-associated disorders: a randomized controlled pilot study. Clinical rehabilitation. 2009;23(9):812-23. ##
22. Falla D, Jull G, Hodges P, Vicenzino B. An endurance-strength training regime is effective in reducing myoelectric manifestations of cervical flexor muscle fatigue in females with chronic neck pain. Clinical Neurophysiology. 2006;117(4):828-37. ##
23. Griffiths C, Dziedzic K, Waterfield J, Sim J. Effectiveness of specific neck stabilization exercises or a general neck exercise program for chronic neck disorders: a randomized controlled trial. The Journal of rheumatology. 2009;36(2):390-7. ##
24. Ghanjal A, Motaqhey M, Hatef B, Askari Ashtiani A. Effect of Action Observation on Symmetry of Weight Distribution and Stability Indices In Semi-Dynamic Stability among Healthy Older People. Journal of Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences. 2016;26(135):75-86. ##