The Relationship between Positive and Negative Self-Talk with Competitive Anxiety and Percentage of Correct Services during a Volleyball Match

Document Type : Original article


PhD in Motor Behavior, Assistant Professor, Physical Education and Sport Science Department, Azarbaijan Shahid Madani University, Azarbaijan Sharghi, Tabriz, Iran


Background and Aim: Self-talk isa cognitive behavioral technique to improve task performance.The purpose of the present research was to study the relationship between positive and negative self-talk and competitive anxiety, and the percentage of correct services during a volleyball match.
Materials and Methods: The present study was descriptive cross-correlational. The primary population consisted of all volleyball teams that participated in Ramazan cup. A total of 43 persons were randomly selected as sample group. To collect data, Hardy self-talk and Cox competitive anxiety Questionnaire and for assessing the percentage of correct services in the match, video recording and observation were used.
Results: The results demonstrated that there is a relationship between the percentage of positive and negative self-talk and correct services during competition but this relationship is not significant. Also, no significant relationship was found between positive self-talk and anxiety percentage during competition, but there was a significant relationship between negative self-talk and anxiety during the competition.
Conclusion: According to the results of the study, there is a relationship between self-talk and servicing performance and also reduction of competitive anxiety, so positive self-talk can be used as a cognitive strategy along with the physical exercises.


Main Subjects

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Volume 4, Issue 4 - Serial Number 4
November and December 2015
Pages 116-124
  • Receive Date: 27 February 2015
  • Revise Date: 17 May 2015
  • Accept Date: 20 August 2015
  • First Publish Date: 22 December 2015